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Convention for the Prohibition of Biological (Bacteriological) and Toxin Weapons (BTWC)

As a result of international community long time efforts for establish an instrument that can supplement Geneva Protocol, the Convention for the Prohibition of Biological (Bacteriological) and Toxin Weapons (BTWC) has been open for signature on April 10, 1972.

BTWC, was the first treaty for multilateral disarmament that prohibit production and use of whole category of weapons, it started to be effective from March 28, 1975.

During the time an increased number of states adhere to the Convention, in May 2008 are 161 States Parties, 14 signature states, only 20 states remains non-signatory.

The BTWC aims to eliminate an entire category of weapons of mass destruction by prohibiting the development, production, acquisition, stockpiling, retention, transfer or use of biological and toxin weapons, is a key element of international community for fighting against weapons and mass destruction.

States Parties make efforts to maintain the Convention efficient and enough flexible, despite rapid changes that are happening in the domain of science and technologies and also on international policy and security. That allow to the Convention to be prepared to challenge new threads with potential biological agents, to prohibit there use not justified by prevention, prophylactic, protection or other peaceful use.

Convention due a strong pressure against non signatory states, principal ways of pressure consist in non admission to discussion that have object discussion of detail of Convention, access to information and most important id denial of access to dual use products and technologies with biological impact.

States Parties must take the necessary steps to enforce the prohibition by introduction in national legislation measures for implement the provisions of the Convention and to act in such way to prevent that prohibited activities are not possible on national jurisdiction.
Despite the comprehensive content of the Convention is necessary international mechanism for verification of implementation of the provision of the Convention. From early 90’s are started negotiations for addition of an protocol that should contain feature for international inspection, negotiations that are failed in 2001 on the 5th Conference for revision. To maintain an open door for future negotiations States Parties agreed to continue an annual expert meeting of the experts where an limited number of subject will be discussed. Even that this meetings have a mall contribution to the problems regarding development of the treaty and to the verification of national implementation, there maintain the interest of international community for the implementation of the Convention, the obligations reside for national states, the responsibilities of science peoples regarding weaponization of biological agents.

Romania ratified the Convention for the Prohibition of Biological (Bacteriological) and Toxin Weapons (BTWC) in 1979 on the issue of Decree of State Council no. 253 from July 6, 1979, published on Official Bulletin no. 57 from July 7, 1979.



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