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Last updated:
10-7-2019

As far as, development, production, transfer (import / export) of chemicals are concerned, certain items are covered by the Convention on prohibition of development, production, storage and use of Chemical Weapons and their Destruction (also known as the Convention on the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, abbreviation in English CWC = Chemical Weapons Convention, hereinafter the Convention).

The Convention is acknowledged as a legal instrument with a universal vocation, aimed at eliminating an entire category of weapons of mass destruction under strict international control, as a real progress on global and regional security.
The text of the Convention was finalized and adopted by the Conference on Disarmament in Geneva on 3 September 1992. The Convention was opened for signature on 13 January 1993 in Paris.
Romania signed the Convention on the first day of opening for signature and ratified it on 9 December 1994 by Law no. 125/1994. Romania submitted to the General Secretariat of the UN instruments of ratification on 15 February 1995.
The Convention contains a preamble, 24 articles and three annexes.
Chemicals on the control lists in Annex 1 (schedule 1, 2, 3) to the Convention include chemical warfare chemical agents , key precursors (for the final phase of production) and precursors of previous phases.
The Convention provides also producing declaratrion for capacity over certain limits, of discrete organic chemicals defined considering that the facilities could be used to manufacture warfare chemical agents or their precursors.
Therefore, an important producer of chemicals, and users of chemicals, are required to make annual declarations and receiving international inspections.
Products (substances) included in the lists of chemical control are considered, where appropriate, military or dual-use, import and export is under the control rules for exports of military goods or and dual-use goods and technologies, as appropriate.
To achieve the objectives and goals for the enforcement of its provisions, the Convention establishmed the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, based in The Hague (Kingdom of the Netherlands) and included as members all the states party to the Convention. The organiyation is mandated to ensure that no chemical weapons are produced in the territory of any State Party and to supervise the destruction of existing capacities of chemical weapons.

Persons engaged (in manufacturing, import, export, transfer intra) with chemicals on the lists of the Convention are required to submit annual industrial declarations to ANCEX, filled in accordance with the provisions of Law no. 56/1997, republished and the national regulations, approved by Order nr.177/2005 of the president of ANCEX.


Related documents



·    Brief history of chemical weapons (Romanian Version)
·    Convention on the Prohibition of Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and their Destruction.
·    Law no. 56/1997, for application of the Convention prohibiting the development, production, storage and use of Chemical Weapons and their Destruction. Republished.

·    Law nr.125/1994 to ratify the Convention on prohibition of development, production, storage and use of Chemical Weapons and their Destruction.
·    Order no. 121 of 8 March 2004 approving the Methodological Norms for the declaration of chemicals listed in Schedule 1 of Appendix 1 of Law no. 56/1997 to implement the provisions of the Convention prohibiting the development, production, storage and use of Chemical Weapons and their Destruction, republished, and authorizing the facility to produce these substances. (Romanian Version)
·    Order no. 109 of 3 March 2004 approving the Methodological Norms on the control of compliance with Law no. 56/1997 to implement the provisions of the Convention prohibiting the development, production, storage and use of Chemical Weapons and their Destruction, republished. (Romanian Version)
·    Order no. 176 of 16 November 2001 Guidelines for the conduct of OPCW international inspections. (Romanian Version)
·    Order no. 177 of 12 May 2005 approving the Methodological Norms on the annual industrial declarations required by Industrial Law. 56/1997 to implement the provisions of the Convention prohibiting the development, production, storage and use of Chemical Weapons and their Destruction, republished.(Romanian Version)

Related links



Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW)
CAS (Chemical Abstracts Service) Registry Numbers
ChemSub Online